The road to interest rate normalization in 2017

Holland 150 x 150Tim Holland, CFA, Senior Vice President, Global Investment Strategist

Since 1965, the Fed has implemented policy tightening 15 times and the impact on the bond market has not always translated into longer rates rising. For example, in 2004 the Fed began raising rates in response to concerns of a housing bubble. As a result, the bond market did well as the yield on the 10-year Treasury fell.

More recently, during the current market cycle, the Fed increased rates by 25 basis points in December 2015. The 10-year Treasury yield fell and the bond market generated a positive return while equities plummeted in the first quarter of 2016. A year later, the Fed increased rates by 25 basis points in December 2016. The impact on markets was minimal with both equities and fixed income generating strong positive returns in the two months that followed. Year to date, equities and bonds have rallied in the face of two rate increases by the Fed; first in March and then in June. We expect one more rate increase in 2017.

shutterstock_124163875 resizedCatalysts for higher interest rates

Many positive factors are currently present in the U.S. economy that justify and support a move toward interest rate normalization:

  • Stable U.S. economic growth. U.S. economic growth has been modest but steady. The new administration and an all-Republican government will try to stimulate the economy through reflationary policies including tax cuts, infrastructure spending and a more benign regulatory environment.
  • Supportive credit environment. High yield credit spreads have meaningfully contracted and are back to the tight levels we saw in 2014.
  • Inflation expectations. Historically, there has been a strong positive correlation between interest rates and inflation. Many of the anticipated policies of the Trump administration are inflationary. In addition, the Brinker Capital investment team believes the economy is in the second half of the business cycle, which is typically characterized by wage growth and increased capital expenditures—both of which eventually translate into higher prices. We expect inflation expectations to move higher.
  • Unemployment levels. The labor market has become stronger and is nearing full employment. Unemployment has dropped to a level last seen in 2001.

A rising rate environment should prove challenging for some areas of fixed income.  However, fixed income can serve as the ballast for a broadly diversified portfolio and a good counter to equity market volatility.  Our fixed income exposure is focused on strategies with below average duration and a yield cushion.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Holdings are subject to change. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

Fed continues on road to interest rate normalization

lowmanLeigh Lowman, Investment Manager

In a widely anticipated move, the Fed increased interest rates by 25 basis points on March 15, 2017, the second interest rate hike in three months and there are talks of potentially two more raises this year. Positive economic data and a rise in business confidence served as a catalyst for the Fed to continue its interest rate normalization efforts with the possibility of as many as two additional rate increases later this year. However, recent rhetoric from the Fed reaffirmed their commitment to move at a cautious pace, supporting Brinker Capital’s view that the process of longer term rates will likely be prolonged and characterized in fits and starts, rather than linear, as the market adapts to the new normal.

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Source: FactSet, Federal Reserve, J.P. Morgan Asset Management. U.S. Data are as of February 28, 2017. Market expectations are the federal funds rates priced into the fed futures market as of the date of the December 2016 FOMC meeting. *Forecasts of 17 Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) participants are median estimates. **Last futures market expectation is for November 2019 due to data availability.

Catalysts for higher interest rates

Many positive factors are currently present in the economy that point to a move toward interest rate normalization:

  • Stable U.S. economic growth. Economic growth in the U.S. has been modest but steady. The new administration and an all-Republican government will likely further stimulate the economy through reflationary fiscal policies including tax cuts, infrastructure spending and a more benign regulatory environment.
  • Supportive credit environment. High yield credit spreads have meaningfully contracted and are back to the tight levels we saw in 2014. Commodity prices have also stabilized.
  • Inflation expectations. Historically, there has been a strong positive correlation between interest rates and inflation. Many of the anticipated policies of the Trump administration are inherently inflationary. Inflation expectations have increased accordingly and headline inflation has been moving towards the Fed’s 2% long-run objective. In addition, we believe we are in the second half of the business cycle, typically characterized by wage growth and increased capital expenditures, both of which eventually translate into higher prices.
  • Unemployment levels. The labor market has become stronger and is nearing full employment. Unemployment has dropped to a level last seen in 2007.

Historical perspective

From 1965 to present, the Fed has implemented policy tightening a total of 15 times and the impact on the bond market has not always translated into longer rates rising. For example, back in 2004 the Fed began raising rates in response to beginning concerns of a housing bubble and the bond market did well as the yield on the 10-year Treasury fell.

More recently during the current market cycle, the Fed increased rates by 25 basis points in December 2015. The 10 year Treasury yield fell and the bond market generated a positive return while equities plummeted in the first quarter of 2016. A year later, the Fed increased rates by 25 basis points in December 2016. The impact on markets was minimal with both equities and fixed income generating strong positive returns in the two months that followed.

Fixed income allocation

Traditional fixed income has historically provided a hedge against equity market risk with substantially less drawdown than equities. Although a rising rate environment would suggest flat to negative returns for some areas of fixed income, the asset class still provides stability in portfolios when equities sell off. For example, fixed income provided an attractive safe haven during the market correction in the beginning of 2016.

In an environment of rising rates, Brinker Capital believes an allocation to traditional fixed income is still merited as we expect the asset class to provide a good counter to equity volatility.

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Source: Fact Set, Brinker Capital, Inc. Index returns are for illustrative purposes only. Investors cannot invest directly in an index. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Overall, much uncertainty remains on the timing and trajectory of interest rate changes. Brinker Capital remains committed to helping investors navigate through a rising rate environment through building diversified portfolios across multiple asset classes.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

Investment Insights Podcast: It feels like the markets can do nothing but go straight up

Goins_PodcastAndrew Goins, Investment Manager

On this week’s podcast (recorded March 3, 2017), Andrew provides an update on key asset classes. Quick hits:

  • The market had gone 55 trading days without a plus or minus 1% move, which is the 18th longest streak since 1950.
  • Within Domestic equity markets, we’ve seen a shift in leadership from energy and financials in the 4th quarter to health care and technology.
  • International markets have also participated in the market rally so far in 2017, with the MSCI EAFE Index, a proxy for international developed markets, up 4.80%
  • Within Fixed Income, we’ve seen more volatility as the yield on the 10-year treasury has occulated between 2.32% and 2.51%, but interestingly is currently only 2bps higher than where we started at the beginning of the year.
  • We are keeping a close eye on many economic indicators and the rhetoric coming out of Washington, as well as the underlying company fundamentals.

For Andrew’s full insights, click here to listen to the audio recording.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Holdings are subject to change. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

Investment Insights Podcast: A quick review of January markets

Leigh Lowman, Investment Manager

On this week’s podcast (recorded February 10, 2017), Leigh provides a review of January markets. Quick hits:

  • Markets were overall off to a good start in 2017 as risk assets posted modest gains for the month.
  • The S&P 500 was up 1.9% for the month.
  • International equities were also a positive as economic data in the European Union pointed to signs of a modest recovery.
  • Fixed income ended the month slightly positive.
  • Overall, we remain positive on risk assets over the intermediate term as we find a number of factors currently supportive of the economy and markets.

For Leigh’s full insights, click here to listen to the audio recording.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Holdings are subject to change. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

Investment Insights Podcast: The 4th best in terms of return, and the 2nd longest in terms of duration

Hart_Podcast_338x284Chris Hart, Senior Vice President

On this week’s podcast (recorded February 3, 2017), Chris talks about the recent choppiness of the markets and how most major averages continue to trade near their highs.

Quick hits:

  • From an equity perspective, markets have been unsteady recently given uncertainty surrounding the new administration’s policy implementation and agenda which have stirred up more volatility.
  • We believe there is room to move higher because there are not too many traditional indictors that are flashing red at this point in time.
  • Developed markets and emerging markets have posted slight declines recently, but EM rebounded form a weak 4Q and is outperforming developed markets year to date in 2017.
  • The aggregate bond index has performed in line with high yield recently, but High yield remains well ahead of the aggregate index year to date.
  • Overall, we believe the opportunity ahead for risk assets in 2017 is positive, but we remain mindful of increasing macro and geopolitical uncertainties.

For the rest of Chris’s insight, click here to listen to the audio recording.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Holdings are subject to change. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

The road to interest rate normalization

lowmanLeigh Lowman, Investment Manager

“Lower for longer”; the motto heard repeatedly since the 2008 financial crisis may soon be irrelevant as interest rates have begun the much anticipated path of normalization. We believe interest rates are biased higher in the longer term as economic data leans positive, giving the green light for the Fed to resume its interest rate normalization efforts. As shown in the chart below, the recent December rate increase is likely the first in a series of hikes to occur over the next few years. However, the process of longer term rates moving higher will likely be prolonged and characterized in fits and starts, rather than linear, as the market adapts to the new normal.

rate_chart_1-5-17

Source: FactSet, Federal Reserve, J.P. Morgan Asset Management. U.S. data are as of November 30, 2016. Market expectations are the federal funds rates priced into the fed futures market as of the date of the September 2016 FOMC meeting. *Forecasts of 17 Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) participants are median estimates. **Last futures market expectation is for August 2019 due to data availability.

Many positive factors are currently present in the economy that point to a move toward interest rate normalization, including:

Stable U.S. economic growth – U.S. economic growth has been modest but steady.  The onset of the Trump administration will likely further stimulate the economy through reflationary fiscal policies including tax cuts, infrastructure spending and a more benign regulatory environment.

Supportive credit environment – Since the February 11, 2016 market bottom, high yield credit spreads contracted 431 basis points with most sector credit spreads now at or near one year market lows. Commodity prices have also stabilized.

Inflation expectations – Historically there has been a strong positive correlation between interest rates and inflation. Many of the anticipated policies of the Trump administration are inherently inflationary, and inflation expectations have increased accordingly. In addition, we believe we are in the second half of the business cycle, typically characterized by wage growth and increased capital expenditures, both of which eventually translate into higher prices.

Unemployment levels – The labor market has become stronger and is nearing full employment. Unemployment has dropped to a level last seen in 2007.

What does this mean for fixed income?

While a rising rate environment may suggest flat to even negative returns for some areas of fixed income, it still provides stability in the portfolio when equities sell off.  Historically, fixed income has had substantially less drawdown than equities. For example shown in the charts below, in the two days following the Brexit decision on June 23, 2016, equities sold off over 4% and fixed income was up sharply. Likewise fixed income provided an attractive safe haven during the market correction in the beginning of 2016. In an environment of rising rates, we expect fixed income to provide a good counter to equity volatility.

rate_chart_2_1-5-17

Source: FactSet

Although uncertainty remains on the timing and trajectory of interest rates changes, we believe interest rates are poised higher for the longer term. Brinker Capital is committed to helping investors navigate through a rising rate environment. All of our products are based on a multi-asset class investment philosophy, a proven method of achieving meaningful diversification

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment Insights Podcast: Markets have taken a little bit of a breather

Hart_Podcast_338x284Chris Hart, Senior Vice President

On this week’s podcast (recorded December 22, 2016), Chris is back discussing how directionally many of the trends remain in place as the rotation into equities from bonds continues.

Quick hits:

  • The markets consolidated a bit as Financials and Industrials leadership paused, while previously oversold sectors like Utilities and Healthcare, performed better.
  • International equity performance has proved more challenging.
  • A surprise came from the “dot plot” positioning that was more hawkish than anticipated due to a projected three additional rate hikes in 2017 instead of two.
  • Overall, we remain constructive on the opportunity ahead heading into 2017.

For the rest of Chris’s insight, click here to listen to the audio recording.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Holdings are subject to change. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

Investment Insights Podcast: Pointing towards a global re-acceleration

Hart_Podcast_338x284Chris Hart, Senior Vice President

On this week’s podcast (recorded December 12, 2016), Chris is back discussing how economic and market data have been more favorable and point towards a global re-acceleration.

Quick hits:

  • Risk assets continued to move higher
  • The past week saw a continuation of the “Trump Trade” where pro-growth and pro-cyclical areas of the markets fared best.
  • From an equity sector perspective, cyclicals such as Financials and Industrials continue to be the recipients of strong flows
  • Within fixed income, the credit backdrop remains supportive and treasury yields continue to rise.
  • Current expectations are for a hike in short term interest rates likely by 25 basis points
  • There is good participation across sectors and not the very narrow leadership environment we saw in 2015

For the rest of Chris’s insight, click here to listen to the audio recording.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Holdings are subject to change. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

Investment Insights Podcast: Expectation for Positive Trend to Continue

Hart_Podcast_338x284Chris Hart, Senior Vice President

On this week’s podcast (recorded October 14, 2016), Chris provides a market update as we inch closer to the end of the year. Listen in as he discusses recent market performance and what we should look forward to.

Quick hits:

  • Dollar strength on the heels of a potential rate hike in December has been a headwind and weighed on stocks.
  • Despite being almost 90 months into a bull market with a 222% gain for the S&P 500, the second longest on record, the market is not showing many signs of topping out.
  • Stock valuations are elevated, but not alarmingly.
  • Our intermediate-term outlook remains positive and we don’t see many signs of recession in the near- to intermediate-term, but we do recognize that this a late-cycle bull market and risks remain.

For the rest of Chris’s insight, click here to listen to the audio recording.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Holdings are subject to change. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.

The Impact of Student Loans on Your Own Retirement

Roddy MarinoRoddy Marino, CIMA, Executive Vice President
National Accounts & Distribution

An education is one of the greatest gifts a parent or grandparent can give to the next generation. The problem for many, however, is that it comes at the cost of their own retirement.

People over the age of 60 represent the fastest-growing segment of individuals taking out loans for education. Over the past decade, student loans taken out by individuals over the age of 60 grew from $6 billion in 2004 to $58 billion in 2014. To put the dollars into perspective, consider another staggering statistic—the numbers of senior citizens with student debt exceed 760,000. Some have co-signed loans or taken Parent PLUS loans to help children or grandchildren get an education. Other seniors carry old debt from when they returned to school to get advanced degrees or in the pursuit of new skills needed for a career change.

A mistake some retirees make is they incorrectly assume that they will never have to repay their student debt. Only two things can make federal college debt go away: satisfaction or death of the borrower.

shutterstock_44454148Federal student loans aren’t forgiven at retirement or any age after. Bankruptcy won’t even discharge a federal student loan, and the consequences to a senior who defaults on a federal loan are severe. The government can garnish Social Security benefits and other wages. Recent reports indicate over 150,000 retirees have at least one Social Security payment reduced to offset federal student loans. This number represents a drastic increase from the 31,000 impacted in the year 2002.

The government can withhold up to 15% of a borrower’s retirement benefits and can also withhold tax refunds in the event the borrower defaults on a college loan.

If repayment is not possible, you may want to explore a few options to minimize the impact on cash flow once you are on a fixed income. You could stretch out the term of the loan as long as possible through extended payments, or enter into an income-driven repayment plan. Typically, borrowers must pay 10-20% of discretionary income in an income-contingent scenario.

Both strategies could reduce your monthly payments; however, ultimately either strategy will result in higher total payments. To put it simply, debt of any kind is best retired before you retire.

The views expressed are those of Brinker Capital and are not intended as investment advice or recommendation. For informational purposes only. Holdings are subject to change. Brinker Capital, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor.